Capitalization: First word after a colon
In American English, the first word after a colon is sometimes capitalized if it begins a complete sentence; in British English, the first letter after a colon is capitalized only if its a proper noun or an acronym.
Here are some tips for using colons properly:
- When a colon introduces a list of things, do not capitalize the first word after the colon unless it is a proper noun.
- When a colon introduces a phrase or an incomplete sentence that is meant to add information to the sentence before it, do not capitalize the first word after the colon unless it is a proper noun.
- When a colon introduces a complete sentence, you may capitalize the first word after the colon according to some style guides. Read on for details.
When’s the last time you used a colon in your writing? Many writers avoid this punctuation mark because they’re unsure how to use it properly. Colons can be quite useful, though. Not only do they introduce lists, but they also alert the reader to an explanation of the previous sentence. Colons provide a way of expounding upon information in such a way that connects the ideas in two or more sentences.
Capitalize after colon: APA format
One of the tricky issues many writers deal with when it comes to colons is whether or not to capitalize the word following the colon. As with so many things in the English language, capitalization with colons can be complex, and many times, it’s more of a style issue than one of correctness. According to APA format, the first word after the colon is capitalized only if it begins a complete sentence. Consider the examples below:
Capitalize after colon: Chicago Manual of Style
The Chicago Manual of Style has a slightly different perspective on whether to capitalize after colons. In their view, the word following a colon should be capitalized only if there are two explanatory sentences following the colon. Look at the examples below:
Never capitalize after a colon when introducing a list
Both style manuals agree on one thing, though. It is never ok to capitalize the word after a colon when the word introduces a list. The following sentences illustrate this rule: