Chicago Citation Generator

Quickly create accurate Chicago citations with a free citation generator built by writing experts.

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    Chicago Full Citation Preview

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    A Guide to Chicago-Style Citations

    Chicago Manual of Style citations are most frequently used in papers on history, business, the fine arts, and in some cases, the humanities. In Chicago, there are more variables than in most other style guides. For example, it has two different citation systems: Notes-Bibliography and Author-Date. Both include guidelines for in-text citations and both follow similar bibliography structures. Either of these citation systems is acceptable for a paper formatted in Chicago style, but your instructor may require that you use one or the other. Read on and learn how to create in-text and full Chicago citations for both systems, how Chicago differs from other academic style guides, and more.

    How to Create Chicago-Style Citations

    How to write a full Chicago citation

    Full Chicago citations are listed on a comprehensive references page either titled "Bibliography" if you use the Notes-Bibliography system or "References" if you use the Author-Date system. In both systems, sources are cited in the same format except for the placement of the work’s publication date. In the Author-Date style, it’s listed immediately after the author’s name. In the Notes-Bibliography style, it goes toward the end of the citation. Its exact location depends on the type of source being cited, such as a movie, Wikipedia article, website, or YouTube video. 

    Chicago style bibliography

    Chicago style

    How to write an in-text Chicago citation

    The Notes-Bibliography citation style is the same as footnotes. If you’re using the Notes-Bibliography citation style, note each in-text citation with a superscript number, then list these citations according to their numbers at the bottom of the page, beneath a horizontal line that extends midsentence.

    Here is an example of how an in-text citation in Notes-Bibliography style would look on a page:
    In-text chicago style citaiton

    With the Author-Date system, in-text citations look a bit different. Here is the same example, but using the Author-Date citation format:

    In context chicago citations

    Although no footnote is required with the Author-Date format, an endnote is required at the end of each section of the paper. An endnote is formatted identically to a footnote.

    To learn more about how to do Chicago citations for specific sources, check out the links in the section below.

    Chicago Citations vs. Other Formats

    You may be asked to use APA-format or MLA-format citations instead of Chicago-style citations on some assignments. APA format is used for the sciences and education.

    Unlike APA, it’s not always clear when you should use Chicago versus MLA. Chicago is typically the go-to style guide for history, business, and fine arts papers, but Chicago or MLA may be used for other humanities subjects, like literature and theater. Generally, MLA is the preferred style guide for humanities work at the undergraduate level, whereas Chicago is more common at the graduate level.

    Getting citation formatting right can be time-consuming and tricky . . . but don't worry! The free citation generator at the top of this page is an excellent resource. Use it to quickly and accurately create citations in Chicago, MLA, or APA format.

    How to Cite (Almost) Anything in Chicago Style

    Have you ever wondered, "How do I cite a book with multiple authors?" or "What are the rules for citing a Wikipedia article in Chicago?” Well, we’re here to help. Browse through these articles to see citation examples and get guidance on how to do a wide variety of Chicago-style citations.

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