Last week, we began discussing the root causes of procrastination. You can read more about it, here. I listed what I considered the primary causes of procrastination. They are:
- feeling overwhelmed
- lack of motivation
To recap briefly, I encouraged those trying to overcome procrastination or tendencies to procrastinate to do four things—the most important of which was to isolate the roots of your dilatoriness. Then, I listed some tips for dealing with procrastination that comes from feeling overwhelmed or confused, including making written to-do lists, starting each list with one high-priority task, and seeking information and support.
Today, I want to reinforce the necessity of thinking seriously about why you are procrastinating, and provide some tips for addressing the last three causes of procrastination: boredom, lack of motivation, and distraction.
Coping with boredom, lack of motivation, and distraction
These particular causes of procrastination are common among students writing for a mandatory course or among professionals obliged to complete reports and documents regarding the mundane aspects of their work. This is especially true when the project isn’t something you have chosen for yourself but has been assigned to you according to someone (or something) else’s interests.
1) Establish a purpose.
It is difficult to pick a route if you haven’t yet determined a destination. Many people are not creative enough when thinking about their “destination.” More often than not, if your sole purpose in an endeavor is simply to finish it, you will succeed, but miserably. Remember those midnight sessions writing drafts of your dissertation, hours before it was due? Yes, the drafts were completed, but under great stress. Wanting to finish a task isn’t enough to stave off procrastination. Be creative with your goals. Try to establish a broader purpose that you are passionate about and fit the task at hand into your plan for progressing toward that goal.
2) Don’t bite off more than you can chew.
This tip is also something that can help with feeling overhelmed. Often, if you have taken on a huge task and have not allotted enough time to complete it in smaller bite-sized chunks, the lack of progress can result in boredom. A huge task can also induce a sense of inferiority that leads to lack of motivation. To prevent stagnation, boredom, and sureness-sucking lack of motivation, work in small chunks over a longer amount of time. The sense of accomplishment that will come from this habit will kill the dullness and incompetence you may have felt otherwise.
3) Break up unpleasant, dull tasks with interesting, pleasant ones.
This may be seem obvious because it is so simple; however, many people are gluttons for punishment and continually create situations where they immerse themselves in unpleasant circumstances without taking ownership for their ability to improve their situation. If you are sick of doing something (inevitably, at some point or another, we all will be), take a break and do something refreshing. A short diversion is worth more than the time it costs. Rewards for achievements foster productivity. Incorporate these activities into your written lists during your organization process.
4) Find/create an ideal environment.
Distractions arise when your environment is imperfect for your work. If distractions are a real issue for you and organizing your tasks does not relieve the impulse to procrastinate, it is vital that you take a look around and find out what is blocking your productivity. Distractions can range from background noise to a stiff chair, from a cluttered desk to Facebook. Do what you need to do in order to avoid these elements. Many of us are distracted by the Internet. (“I’ll watch just one more cat video.” Yeah, right.) Develop the discipline to work in a space without Internet connectivity or build idle Internet browsing into your schedule (see tip three).
5) Just start.
Like jumping into a cold lake, the anticipation and initial dive into a project are the most difficult and unpleasant. Once you start, you acclimate and the process becomes tolerable, sometimes even enjoyable. Once you get over the first “hump,” accomplishment, inspiration and confidence have room to motivate your work.
These suggestions are aimed at addressing some of the primary sources of anxiety and discomfort that lead to dilatory habits. There are various tips and tricks for dealing with procrastination, which can vary greatly according to a person’s individual needs. While all of these tips may not fit your particular situation, I am hopeful that starting at step one—determining the root of your procrastination—will give you all the direction you need for finding the ideal solution for you.
How do you cope with boredom, lack of motivation, and distraction?