Present participles include gerunds?

1

We have learned that the form of base ing can be used for present participles and gerunds but according to some definitions, base ing itself is called present participles and then, we should change a lot of things here.
Do you agree that gerunds are a part of present participles and they function as an adjective and a noun (gerund), etc?

 

 

In grammar, the present participle of a verb is the form which ends in `-ing'. Present participles are used to form continuous tenses, as in `She was wearing a neat blue suit'. They are often nouns, as in `I hate cooking' and`Cooking can be fun'. Many of them can be used like an adjective in front of a noun, as in `their smiling faces'.
                                                                                                                - Collins-

 

Cf. http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/present_participle

 

Gerund : a noun in the form of the present participle of a verb (that is, ending in -ing) for example travelling in the sentence I preferred travelling alone.                                                                                                                 - Oxford -

edited Nov 23 '12 at 13:05 Hans Contributor

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2

I think that present participle is different from gerund though their forms are alike.

A present partciple can functions as a head verb of a sentence

She was wearing a bluse suit.

It can function as an adjective.

Running water is pure. (Describing the noun 'water')

It can funtion as an adverb or adverb phrase.

He came running. (Describing the verb 'came')

Damaging the roof, a tree crashed down.

A gerund is a noun. It can be the subject of a sentence.

Collecting stamps is my hobby. 

It can be the object of a sentence.

I like reading books.

link comment answered Nov 25 '12 at 04:32 Z. A. Jazley Expert

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