Which one makes more sense to you? A or B
Oswald Avery, a Canadian bacteriologist, came closest to [A. prove / B.proving] that DNA is a hereditary molecule.
I would really appreciate it if you would give me a detail explanation.
You need to follow the prepositional phrase closest to with a word (or construction) that functions as a noun. (Here, the word to is not part of an infinitive, rather a preposition.)
The word prove forms part of the infinitive verb form to prove, whereas the word proving is the present participle form of the verb to prove functioning as a noun – this is called a gerund.
Oswald Avery, a Canadian bacteriologist, came closest to proving that DNA is a hereditary molecule.
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