does these need to have closing puncitation?


What is wrong with the passage below?

See example:

According to Think American Government book, politics "is the process that determines who shall occupy the role of leadership in government and how the power of government shall be exercised."
asked Sep 15 '12 at 19:02 Ashely Polce New member

3 answers


The word "book" is unnecessary. If you must have it, do this:


According to the book Think American Government, politics...

In this case, you need the specific article "the".  Although this: "According to the Think American Government book, politics..." is also technically correct, I think it wouldn't be recommended. It sounds less accademic than the context suggests.


Still, I would write it simply as:


According to Think American Government, politics...


Although you should probably have the author's name:


According to Jim Davis in Think American Government, politics...

link comment edited Sep 15 '12 at 20:19 mysticete Contributor

Oops, completely missed two things.  First, the title, which asks a different question than the one I answered. Second, your actual closing punction, which is wrong. Your quotation does not contain a whole sentence, so the period should be on the outside of the quotation marks. 


... shall be excercised".


However, if your quotation were to start at the word politics, then it would be correct as is.


According to Think American Government, "Politics... determines... how the power of government shall be excercised."

link answered Sep 15 '12 at 20:29 mysticete Contributor

See the placement of period and commas inside/outside of quotation marks.

Jeff PribylSep 15 '12 at 20:51

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I am going to disagree with Mysticete's second answer. The placement of the closing period depends upon whether you are following the standards for British English or American English.


Mysticete's answer is correct for British English; however, all but one of the major American style guides tell us that periods and commas are, by convention, placed inside the closing quotation mark. There is a long post on this subject under the FEATURED: WRITING TIPS & TRICKS heading. See


On the other hand, the American style guides agree with British usage when it comes to the placement of question marks and exclamation points.

link answered Sep 15 '12 at 20:48 Jeff Pribyl Grammarly Fellow

Wow. I hadn't realized how wrong I was on this one. Thanks for the help, Jeff. Here's a direct link to his remarks on that page.

mysticeteSep 15 '12 at 21:39

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