Use and usage
I want somebody to give me some rules in regard to the use of the subjunctive mood.
Rule # 1.
Don't use the final "s" or "es" with third person singular.
If John win (not wins), I will throw a party.
We insist that he do (not does) the job properly.
Rule # 2
Use verb "be" for "is" , "am" and "are" in the present tense.
Their main demand was that the lawsuit be (insted of is) dropped.
Rule # 3
Use were for all forms of verb "to be" in te past tense.
If I were rich.
If they were rich.
Rule # 4
When expressing one's intention or some necessity (especially with that clause), don't use the modal verbs since subjunctive is used to express speaker's attitude.
We insist that we be (not should be) informed of your plans.
Rule # 5:
Use subjunctive with a contratry to fact condition;
If I were the President of United States, I would have exempted the public of all the taxes.
Rule # 6:
Use subjunctive with wishes;
I wish that his argument were sounder.
Rule # 7: Use subjunctive with that clauses following verbs such as move, request, command, insist, and the like. We suggest that the treaty be abrogated. I urged that he consult a physician.
|link comment||answered May 01 '12 at 10:49 sanjay Expert|
We use subjunctives mainly when talking about events that are not certain to happen. For example, we use the subjunctive when talking about events that somebody:
wants to happen
hopes will happen
Look at these examples:
The President requests that you be present at the meeting.
It is vital that you be present at the meeting.
If you were at the meeting, the President would be happy.
The subjunctive is typically used after two structures:
the verbs: ask, command, demand, insist, propose, recommend, request, suggest + that
the expressions: it is desirable, essential, important, necessary, vital + that
Here are some examples with the subjunctive:
The manager insists that the car park be locked at night.
The board of directors recommended that he join the company.
It is essential that we vote as soon as possible.
It was necessary that every student submit his essay by the weekend.
Notice that in these structures the subjunctive is always the same. It does not matter whether the sentence is past or present.
Look at these examples:
Present: The President requests that they stop the occupation. Past: The President requested that they stop the occupation. Present: It is essential that she be present. Past: It was essential that she be present.
|link comment||answered May 02 '12 at 16:18 sanjay Expert|
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