Using/by using

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Which is correct? Thanks.1.He cuts an apple with a knife.2. He cuts an apple using a knife.3. He cuts an apple by using a knife.

edited Mar 30 '12 at 13:45 May New member

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They are all correct and proper English.

 

The first, in this case, means "by a knife" or "through a knife", which each mean "that the knife was a means by which the cutting took place". The second literally means that the cutter happened to be using a knife at the time that he or she was cutting an apple--not necessarily that the knife was cut with an apple, although it would most likely be interpreted that way in most contexts. Finally, in the third, "by using the knife" literally means "using of the knife is a means by which the cutting took place".  the act of using the knife".

link comment answered Dec 09 '13 at 12:35 resplaine New member

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