"to be" + gerund


In the sentence


The car is still running, but is in bad condition.


What would be considered the verb of the sentence? If the verb is "running," would this be an intransitive verbs? 

Or else,

if the verb is "is" would "running" be a subjective complement?

gerund objective complement asked Nov 08 '13 at 12:02 sali New member

1 answer


Exceptional question!


Some people might be deceived into thinking "is" is functioning as a helping verb and "running" is the main action verb; however, your instincts about this being a gerund were almost, but not quite, correct.


There are two types of complements that follow a linking verb functioning as a linking verb (as this one is):

1) a predicate ADJECTIVE (adjective)


2) a predicate NOMINATIVE (noun)


You made the assumption that this is (2) a nominative, which would subsequently make "running" a gerund; unfortunately, you made the incorrect assumption.


Actually "running" is functioning as an adjective to DESCRIBE the car, not rename it.

As such, "running" is actually a participle functioning as a predicate adjective and not a gerund functioning as a predicate nominative.

link comment answered Nov 08 '13 at 16:40 Aaron Prejean Expert

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