In Active and Passive voice, when subject and object change position, do they change the roles too ?

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for e.g John drove car <=> car was driven by John
in the passive voice , can we say 'car' is the subject and 'john' is the object now ?.

I am particularly concerned about the use of 'me' and 'I'. As per the grammar rules, 'I' is used when it is subject and 'me' when object.

I chased the dog - correct
Dog bit me - correct

so in the passive voice, 'I was bitten by dog' 0r 'Me was bitten by dog' which one is correct ? I assume the first one is correct. in this case can we consider 'I' as subject, even if 'I' was at the receiver of action(verb).

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