omission of 'which is'/ passive Vs active

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What is the part of speech of 'regarded' in "a quality regarded as characteristic of poems"?

shouldn't the verb be in its passive form?
why isn't it ".... [which is] regarded ...."?

oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/poetry

 

and in another case: "a small lizard with wide feet, found especially in warm countries", dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/gecko?q=gecko

 

and also: "Words used to describe writing or speech style" www.macmillandictionary.com/thesaurus-category/british/Words-used-to-describe-writing-or-speech-style

 

in all these examples, why shouldn't the verbs be in their passive form (i.e. which is found, words that are used)?

 

i am a ESL learner and i am very confused with these usages! please help :))))) thanks thanks!!!

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