omission of 'which is'/ passive Vs active


What is the part of speech of 'regarded' in "a quality regarded as characteristic of poems"?

shouldn't the verb be in its passive form?
why isn't it ".... [which is] regarded ...."?


and in another case: "a small lizard with wide feet, found especially in warm countries",


and also: "Words used to describe writing or speech style"


in all these examples, why shouldn't the verbs be in their passive form (i.e. which is found, words that are used)?


i am a ESL learner and i am very confused with these usages! please help :))))) thanks thanks!!!

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