second conditionals


Please explain second conditionals with examples?

asked Oct 19 '11 at 02:44 Nisha Shaikh New member

1 answer


in II conditionals the "if/conditional/dependent clause" takes past form of the verb while the main/result clause takes would and present form of the verb.

was is not used in such types of sentences.


If I were you, I would pay fine. 

link answered Oct 19 '11 at 16:31 Rahul Gupta Expert

NOTE: The past tense used is not the past simple, it's the past subjunctive which for most regular verbs looks the same as past simple indicative. For this reason it is "If I were you. . ." NOT "If I was you. . .". Here are some other examples, "If I talked as much as you do, my tongue would fall off." --- "If they studied half as hard as they played, they would be at the top of the class." --- "If he played football professionally, he would play for Spain." KimberlyOct 21 '11 at 13:17

Thanks for the valuable comment. Please tell me some more about past subjunctive and indicative. Why and when are these specific terms used? Rahul GuptaOct 29 '11 at 08:50

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