comma splices, run-ons and sentences fragments

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The stunt is designed so that  a person appears to be lying full length in a box that rest on a table, the hands, feet, and head protude through holes in the ends of the box. Is this sentences a comma splices, run-on, or sentenes fragment?

asked Oct 05 '11 at 21:42 Fanny Gonzalez New member

9 answers


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A sentence fragment is a phrase that does not have a subject and verb, i.e. "Like the kind at the cinema." (sentence fragment)  You can correct a fragment by adding a subject (actor) and verb (action), i.e. "I like popcorn like the kind at the cinema."

 

Ask yourself, is there a thing or person (subject) doing something (verb)?

 

A run-on sentence is a the combination of more than one sentence together without appropriate ending punctuation. For example, "I like reading something new every day I think that people should read more often and it is sad that more people do not." (sentence fragment)  The correct way to write this would be to break up the complete thoughts into separate sentences -- "I like reading new every day.  I think that people should read more often; it is sad that more people do not."

 

Ask yourself, where does one idea end and a new idea start?

 

A comma-splice happens when you join to complete thoughts (sentences) together with just a comma and not another word like 'and' or 'but'. For example, "She ran to the store to buy some eggs, she came home with candies!"  The way to correct this error is to add a conjunction (a word like 'and' or 'but') after the comma -- "She ran to the store to buy some eggs, but came home with candies!" 

 

Nota Bene: Comma-splices are often present within run-on sentences.

 

Ask yourself, where does one idea end and another start?  If there is a comma, have I used an appropriate conjunction or is it better to use a period?

 

So, if we look at your sentence: 

 

The stunt is designed so that a person appears to be lying full length in a box that rests on a table, the hands, feet, and head protude through holes in the ends of the box.

 

1) Is there a thing or person (subject) doing something (verb)?

 

Yes, "the stunt" is the thing, and "is designed" is the verb (note, this sentence is in passive voice.)

 

2) Ask yourself, where does one idea end and a new idea start?

 

One idea ends with "on the table".  The new idea starts with "hands, feet, and head".  This is a run-on sentence.

 

 3) If there is a comma, have I used an appropriate conjunction or is it better to use a period?

 

Yes, there is a comma.  So this is a comma-splice.  Consider adding a conjunction after the comma and before "hands".  Alternatively (and what I wouls recommend), you can change the comma to period and start a new sentence with "hands".

link comment answered Oct 07 '11 at 15:34 Kimberly Expert
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The class should be to all genders with the amoint of single parents the united states learning nutrition can only be a benifit.

link comment answered Feb 05 '16 at 20:11 Nancy Curry New member
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Knowing better than anyone else how the state legislature had ignored the needs of the community college system and created a crisis characterized by an uneducated workforce that had no place to go for the proper training and realizing that someone had to do something about the situation or the state would begin to lose jobs to states in the American south that were more aggressive in providing and publicizing excellence in education, Representative Fuentes began to lay plans for an education bill that took into consideration the needs of the state's community colleges and the students who attended them.

link comment answered Feb 09 '16 at 19:35 Lakyra New member
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The building is being renovated, therefor at times we have no heat, water, or electricity. 

link comment answered Apr 19 '16 at 14:27 Sweta K Patel New member
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Millions of Americans, on average, eat junk food four times a week, therefore, most Americans are obese.

link comment answered Sep 25 '16 at 19:46 Mandy Obregon New member
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Some people may never have the chance to have a hero in their live time or even to meet a hero.  I had the pleasure to meet a wonderful and kind and loving man who has proven himself to be a true and loving hero.  Someone who has shown me the true meaning of love and who has become my best friend, my soulmate and he continues to prove himself as my hero.  My husband Mike has been by my side for 17 years and married for 10 years.
He came into my life when I felt that I was really down and that I couldn’t do anything right, I felt as if my children would be better off living with their father who continually put me down and made me feel like I wasn’t worth anything and that there was nothing good about me.  He made me believe that that was why we were getting a divorce.  Mike came into my life because of my brother who kept telling me we would be good for each other.    

Rafun 2 He proved to be a hero shortly after we started dating and my husband started causing problems from the beginning.  First, when my kid's father decided not to bring my kids home and I had to go thru the police to find him and to bring them home, he managed to get me from breaking down and losing my mind.   

link comment answered Nov 08 '16 at 20:16 Robin New member
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One day on the side of the road there was a small family of 4 they whir stranded on the side of

the road and didn’t know how to change their tire. So I slowly pulled off the road to the

shoulder of the road where I asked the family would you like some help with that flat tire. Then

the husband of the family replied, yes you may help us with this flat tire would you mind

showing us how to change that flat tire. As the family watched I showed them every step on

how to change a tire I began taking the lug nuts off to get the tire off. I then asked

the guy if he could get the spare tire that he had on the back of his jeep. He replied back I sure

can do that sure I can get you the spare tire. he then returned with the spare tire and I took off

the flat tire I let the guy put the spare tire on; and I let him tighten the lug nuts. I then told him

that he needed to get to the nearest repair shop to get his tire fixed so that he wouldn’t have

to drive on the spare tire for really long. He also asked me where the nearest repair shop was

and I told him Wal-Mart is about 30 minutes from here. His family all said thanks and god bless

and I said back too them god bless you too and have a safe trip home, and the family drove off

to start their way back home the family was the nicest people you could meet they even

invited me too their church. It was so nice that the family let me show them how to change a

tire on their car they said it was very helpful that I showed them how to change a tire on their

vehicle.

link comment answered Nov 30 '16 at 18:03 john New member
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These families were so desperate to get food that they were willing to do anything for even the smallest scrap. The children were innocent and did not know why they were stealing or diving into trash trucks. Most of the younger kids, this was all they knew, digging through the trash for their next meal. Families were at such a low point in their lives that they thought a trash truck was a feist, or a potluck. They were even willing to steal food to survive, wanting to get caught so they could go to jail and at least get a roof over their heads and food to eat. The Great Depression turned these nice families, these innocent children into dumpster divers, into criminals.

link comment answered Jan 31 at 23:24 Savannah Krawczyk New member
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I am sorry you are going through such a stressful time right now in your life. Going to school, working and being a mother to a seven year old is hard. Not like I can imagine- but I see it in your eyes. I know you can do this and graduate with flying colors because you are determined to get your future on track. I want you to stay strong, not only for your little boy but for your sixteen year old sister, me. I need you to have a positive outlook on your life and not ask questions to yourself such as, “why me?”, “should I drop out?”, because you’ll have issues, I am sure of it, but I know you will overcome those roadblocks. I realize this is a hard time for you, but dear, you will be okay.  You strive for greatness, keeping your promises and being an overachiever. You have continued to shine at that for most of your life. You are honest, self-reliant, hardworking and many more amazing qualities that a person should have- and for that I look up to you. I would not like you to be angry at every mess that is made or every little item that is out of place. Focus on your education, keep your head up high and love yourself more than you ever have because those are the types of things that will get you through this hectic time in your life right now. I promise you will succeed, and I thank you so much for role modeling for me. I am immensely proud to call you my sister.
Right now you are fighting for your education, but later down in the road I don’t want you to be fighting for your life. Did you know that breast cancer is the second most common cause of death for Caucasian women and the most common cancer found in women in the U.S.? (Basic Information, 2016). Each year about 40,000 women and 400 men die from breast cancer in the U.S. (Basic Information, 2016). Breast cancer has taken many lives and I’m going to do everything in my power to educate you, so you will not be one of those people. Certain behaviors such as being overweight and not exercising is a major risk factor for getting breast cancer (Risk Factors, 2016). When you’re feeling like you’re in a storm you will never escape, don’t pick up that butter knife and container of icing. Trust me, it is not worth the consequences down the road. I know it may be hard, but give yourself the credit for going through this basically on your own and not giving up. While you struggle with trying to handle so many tasks in your life at this moment, don’t buy an alcoholic drink. Alcohol raises the risk of breast cancer in women with the more alcohol they drink and we both know that outcome will not be good (Risk factors, 2016). Alcohol is known to change how a woman’s estrogen is metabolized so this can cause estrogen levels to rise which could lead to cancer (Alcohol, 2016). Remember when you were nineteen and had your first child? You were inexperienced and had no idea what you were doing which caused you not to breastfeed. You are now an incredible, loving mother but breast feeding is known to lower the risk of breast cancer, which you did not do (Risk factors, 2016). Breast feeding a baby for a year or more is known to lower a woman’s risk to estrogen receptor-negative breast cancers (Breastfeeding, 2016). Working the late night hours you are right now, may also slightly raise the risk of breast cancer in the long run (Risk factors, 2016). There is something called melatonin, which is a hormone that helps control the sleep cycle. At night, the body produced the melatonin but light can disrupt this process and can cause a raise in estrogen levels (light at night and shift work, 2016).You may not be concerned with these risk factors at this point in your life, but you’re going to grow older and wonder why you didn’t take certain precaution you could have. Don’t allow yourself to have to answer these questions down the road. Be more cautious. 
Since you are studying to become a nurse, you probably know about a lot of the biology aspects of cancer. But I am here to educate you further. Breast Cancer is caused when cells in the breast start growing uncontrollably (Basic information, 2016). Breast cancer is curable but only through things such as chemotherapy or a mastectomy. Consequences such as losing one or two breasts to get rid of the cancer may come if you are diagnosed with it. Cells go through something called the cell cycle and division. There are four phases; G1, S phase, G2 and M phase. These phases represent the changes cells go through to fully develop.  In cancer cells, the cell cycle is no longer controlling or managing the cells. Cancer cells are dividing at a much rapid pace than normal due to genetic mutations affecting the cell(s).  All types of cells contain the protein keratin, actin and collagen. In cancer, these cells will become de-differentiated, which means they decrease the amount of the specific protein they are supposed to and express the basic housekeeping proteins. They also can increase some other proteins, and the change in the protein levels in what causes the cells to become cancerous. All cells sense cell to cell contact and stop when they come in contact with neighboring cells. Cancerous cells don’t have that sensor so they continue to grow on top of the other cells rapidly and the ones that promote growth are increased. In breast cancer, the cells grow and grow in the breast tissue eventually causing tumors. There is something causes metastasize which is how cancers spread throughout the body. This is called metatasize and in breast cancer, tumors or cancerous tissues can go to other parts of the body. Meaning that part the body the cancer is in will have secondary breast cancer. Metastatic breast cancer is what this is called or in other words, invasive cancer (facts and statistics, 2016). Cancer causes the person to be tired and weak almost all of the time. I know this is a lot of confusing information but you have to be your own advocate and protect your body from awful things. Such as cancer.
I love you so, so much I don’t even think you realize it. To lower your risks of getting breast cancer, you should avoid alcohol, working late at night and if you have another child maybe give breastfeeding another try (Risk factors, 2016).  Most of the risk factors there are, you already are avoiding so this is just to inform you of what could happen. Breast feeding will help lower or keep your estrogen levels at bay and so will not drinking alcohol. The lower the estrogen levels, the lower the chance of breast cancer so please take these suggestions into consideration. If you notice any lumps in the arm pit or the breast, it could be an indication of breast cancer (Warning signs of breast cancer, 2016) Breasts tend to be lumpy so if both breasts feel the same then there is probably nothing to worry about, but a lump that feels harder or different may need to be checked (Breast cancer screening, 2016).  Self-examination for lumps or hard knots in the breast are easiest done in the shower (Basic Information, 2016). Thickening or swelling in the breast along with irritation or dimpling of the breast could also be a sign of breast cancer (Warning signs of breast cancer, 2016).  A test you could have to detect breast cancer is called a mammogram (Breast Cancer screening, 2016). I am sure you have heard of it before but it takes an x-ray of your breasts to examine breast tissue and look for abnormalities (Breast cancer screening, 2016). At this time, a mammogram is the test to detect breast cancer (Breast cancer screening, 2016). A breast magnetic resonance imaging test (MRI) is another kind of detection used, usually along with a mammogram (Breast cancer screening, 2016). A MRI uses magnets and radio waves to take pictures of the breasts but is usually not used for average risk patients (Breast cancer screening, 2016). All these tests sound pretty scary and I know you haven’t taken much consideration in prevention of breast cancer. You’re not perfect and no one expects you to be, but the time to start taking precautionary measures is now.

Life is going to get so good for you after you graduate and are in the career you have always wanted to pursue. I am so proud of your achievements so far, and will even be prouder when I see you with that diploma in your hand. I believe you can do this and I know deep down, you do too. I can see the doubts in your eyes but trust me, staying in school with be worth it. You have fought several years to get where you are, and look, you are here. You have been through things no person should have to go through and have fought like crazy. For that, I thank you for hanging in there. I hope to be as strong and determined as you in my future. I knew you could do it, Allison. You deserve better than cancer so fight just like I know you will. I love you unconditionally to the moon and back.  

link comment answered Feb 01 at 01:08 Vennela New member

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