Proper usuage of "manifest" or "manifested"

1

In our proofing sessions we are divided on the proper use of the word "manifested".  Some of us hold that the following usage is perfectly acceptable:

"That underlying dynamic which manifested in the pressure cooker of 1974 is the very same one that played out in the 1990s."

Others hold that "manifested" cannot stand alone in the above context but must be accompanied by either:

"That underlying dynamic which manifested itself in the pressure cooker of 1974 is the very same one that played out in the 1990s."

Or,

"That underlying dynamic which was manifested in the pressure cooker of 1974 is the very same one that played out in the 1990s."


Which, if any, is correct?  Or, are all these examples acceptable?  Please explain the specific grammar rules involved.

Thanks in advance!

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