Spelling Final Y Before A Suffix
If a suffix begins with an e, the y at the end of the root word is usually changed to an i. Look for the suffixes –ed, ‑es, ‑er, and –est.
Cry – cried – crier
Dry – dried – drier
Lay – laid (note the irregular spelling: no e)
Baby – babies
Family – families
Ugly – ugliest
This is the dustiest old house I’ve ever seen.
The best bakers make the flakiest pie crusts.
The soup needs the tiniest pinch of salt, and then it’s perfect.
Sea water dries out your skin.
The y isn’t changed for the suffix -ing.
The baby has been crying for almost an hour.
The minute we brought in the new puppy, our mother began laying down sheets of newspaper.
We should spend some time tidying before the guests arrive.
If the word in question has two consonants before the y, change the y to i before adding the suffix ‑ly.
Sloppy – sloppily
Happy – happily
Quirky – quirkily
Funnily enough, I said the same thing just yesterday.
Of course, there are always exceptions:
“Funny,” he said dryly.