What is the present participle and how is it used?
The present participle is a fancy name for "-ing" verbs forms. And it is constructed like so:
"to be" (conjugated) + infinitive (without 'to') + -ing
I am + sing +ing = "I am singing."
This participle is found in the following tenses:
- the future progressive (I will be studying tomorrow.)
- the future perfect progressive (I will have been studying 5 hours by the time we eat lunch.)
- the present progressive (I am studying.)
- the present perfect progressive (I have been studying.)
- the past progressive (I was studying.)
- the past perfect progressive (I had been studying maths before she entered the room.)
The present participle also can be used as an adjective, i.e. "My mother is a working woman."
NOTE: The "-ing" form used to form nouns is not called the present participle, but the gerund. An example of the gerund as a noun is, "Running is great exercise."
|link comment||answered Jan 19 '11 at 19:31 Kimberly Expert|
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