BEFORE or UNTIL? Does it matter?
Please tell me if it matters whether I use, BEFORE or UNTIL, in the following sentences:
1. We had to wait for two hours BEFORE/UNTIL we were allowed to enter the hall.
2. You have to wait a long time BEFORE/UNTIL your favorite musician appears on television.
If it does matter, can someone please explain why. Thank you.
The choice between 'before' and 'until' much depends on the aspect characteristics of a predicate verb: whether it indicates an instant action, or a state or process.
He came home before noon. (instant action)
He worked until noon. (process)
He slept until noon. (state)
Another factor is what your focus is on: what happened, or how long it lasted.
He was playing/played the piano before mother came. (What was he doing?)
He played the piano until mother came. (How long did he do it?)
"Wait" indicates a state. So you mean it can be used in both sentences with different focuses.
I'll wait before you come back.( What will I do?)
I'll wait until you come back.(How long will I wait?)
If she worked in the factory until 1990, she began work before 1990, and continued to work there for an unknown period of time. . She stopped work in 1990.
If she worked in the factory before 1990, we do not know when she stopped working there, but we do know that 1989 was the last possible year.
1. We had to wait for two hours BEFORE we were allowed to enter the hall.
2. You have to wait a long time UNTIL your favorite musician appears on television.
|link comment||edited Jun 13 '12 at 17:12 sanjay Expert|
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