Unfulfilled Conditional Statement

0

Are the two sentences below grammatically correct?

If they are, do they imply the same meaning?

 

She would travel around the world if she had more money.

She would have travelled around the world if she had more money.

edited May 20 '12 at 09:39 Elijah New member

2 answers


1

There are four types of conditional sentences. For the purpose of answering this question, I am going to ignore the Zero–type conditional (it applies to laws of science and other facts that are always true).


A Type I conditional occurs when it is possible to fulfill a condition which is given in the if-clause. In this case, the if-clause is always in the simple present tense, and the main clause is either “will” + future tense verb, an infinitive verb, or a modal (such as “can”) + infinitive.


A Type II conditional occurs when it is theoretically possible to fulfill a condition which is given in the if-clause. In this case, the if-clause is always in the simple past tense, and the main clause is either “would” + infinitive verb, “could” + infinitive, or “might” + infinitive.


A Type III conditional occurs when it is impossible to fulfill a condition which is given in the if-clause. In this case, the if-clause is always in the past perfect tense, and the main clause is either “would have” + past participle, “could have” + past participle, or “might have” + past participle.


Both of your sentences have an identical if-clause – “if she had more money”. “Had” is the simple past tense of “have”. So, based on the if-clause, both sentences must be Type II conditionals. The main clause of your first sentence uses the requisite “would” + infinitive verb – “would travel” – and is therefore correct.


Your second sentence uses the “would have” + past participle – “would have traveled” – required for a Type III conditional. However, since the if-clause does not match the formula for a Type III conditional, it is incorrect.  You can correct it by changing “if she had more money” to “if she had saved more money” (or something similar).

I hope this helps.  

link comment answered May 21 '12 at 00:35 Jeff Pribyl Grammarly Fellow

Your answer


Write at least 20 characters

Have a question about English grammar, style or vocabulary use? Ask now to get help from Grammarly experts for FREE.