What is the difference between the two?
The hotel has closed and The hotel has been closed.
The first -- "has closed" -- is the Present Perfect tense. Present perfect tense describes an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past or that began in the past and continues in the present.This tense is formed by using has/have with the past participle of the verb. Most past participles end in -ed. Irregular verbs have special past participles that must be memorized.
Courntey's -- "is closed" -- is the Present tense and carries no suggestion about the past.
The second -- "has been closed" -- is also the Present Perfect tense, but using the infinitive "to be" form of the verb -- "been closed". It carries the same sense of time as the first.
The first -- "has closed" -- is an active construction, while the second -- "has been closed" -- is a passive construction. In the first, the hotel is the actor and it is closed. In the second, we are looking for the actor -- who closed the hotel?
Hope this helps.
|link||edited May 04 '12 at 14:16 Jeff Pribyl Grammarly Fellow|
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