Structured errors

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I have already asked about common structural errors. But may be someone could explain me other types and help to found errors in some sentences?

MISPLACED MODIFIERS
1. The news came to me about my sister’s wedding in a letter.
2. I saw the trailer peeking through the window.
DANGLING MODIFIERS
1. By ignoring him, the dog quieted down and went away.
2. Walking down Main Street, the trees were beautiful.
MIXED STRUCTURES
1. Another way to study effectively is during your lunch hour.
2. My opinion about students insulting the flag should be punished severely.

COMMA SPLICES 1. They weren’t aliens, they were American citizens 2. Ralph won’t take Estelle to basketball games, she eats gooseberries and gets juice all over herself.  

asked Apr 24 '12 at 19:26 Kristina New member

1 answer


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Misplaced Modifiers

1- Your sister got married in a letter? Must have been a small ceremony.

2-  Presumably, this means the speaker was peeking through the window, but the placement of the clause "peeking through the window" makes it sound as though the trailer were peeking through the window. More correctly, it can be written as, "Peeking through the window, I saw the trailer."

 

Dangling Modifiers

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept.

1- WHO ignored him? "By Jason ignoring him, the dog..."

2- WHO was walking? The "walking down" participle modifies "trees," the subject of the sentence. However, the trees are presumably not themselves walking down Main Street. The participle in fact modifies the unmentioned speaker of the sentence, the one doing the walking (and finding the trees beautiful).

 

Mixed Structure

Mixed sentences begin with one topic or grammatical pattern, then shift to another.

1- Another way to study effectively (you expect this to lead to a WHAT) / is during you lunch hour (but this is a WHEN).... if it had said "is to read during your lunch hour" would be correct, because read is WHAT, during lunch is WHEN.

2- My opinion about students insulting the flag should be punished severely.

This sentence tells me his opinion should be severely punished, because the subject is "My opinion" and the intended action is "be severely punished". However, this is not what the speaker meant.

 

Comma Splice

A comma splice is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. They can also arise when using conjunctive adverbs to separate two independent clauses instead of using a coordinating conjunction.

 

Comma Splice: [independent clause][comma][independent clause].
The boy threw the ball, the dog chased after it.

 

Correct: [independent clause][comma][coordinating conjunction][independent clause]. The boy threw the ball, and the dog chased it.

link answered Apr 24 '12 at 23:37 Tony Proano Expert

I think the trailer peeked out the window to watch the trees walk down Main Street. ; )

Jody M.Apr 25 '12 at 12:58

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