breakdown of irregular verbs

0

Dear Sirs:

If we breakdown irregular verbs p.e.

Infinitive  -  Past Tense  -  Past (Perfect) Participle

to give       -  gave             -  have given

and we call have given  the past (perfect) participle, such as most Grammar Books state in their breakdown, then, what do we call  "had given".

 

So to make it more understandable:

Infinitive    -  Past tense   -   ???? participle

to give            -  gave               -   had given ??   

 

If the answer is that "had given" is the past (perfect) participle, then I would like to know

what kind of participle is "have given".  (taken into consideration that a  present participle is formed with an ing-form.

Thank you in advance for the answer.

E.N.Christiaans

2 answers


1

'Have given' is the present perfect, and 'had given' is the past perfect.  I have not seen any grammar sources define 'have given' as the past perfect.

link comment answered Mar 08 at 15:30 Lewis Neidhardt Grammarly Fellow
0

Have + past participle ----> Present perfect tense.

Had + Past participle-----> Past perfect tense.

link comment answered Mar 08 at 15:28 Sanjay Contributor

Your answer


Write at least 20 characters

Have a question about English grammar, style or vocabulary use? Ask now to get help from Grammarly experts for FREE.