compound adjectives with participles


Some compound adjectives use the present participle and others use the past participle: award-winning movie, shop-worn tools, etc. Does anyone know why it is an award-winning movie, not an award-won movie, when the adjective suggests that the movie 'won' the award?  

asked Jan 21 '14 at 02:50 claudia New member

2 answers


Both "winning" and "worn" are adjectives.  Winning can be the gerund form of winWorn can be the past participle of wear.  But both of them are also adjectives that stand all on their own.  The reason we say award-winning movie and shop-worn tools has nothing to do with past or present tense.

link comment answered Jan 22 '14 at 10:45 Patty T Grammarly Fellow

award-winning movie---> Here award-winning is a compound adjective and movie is a noun.

It is not "award-won movie" because "won" is a past form of the verb. Award is a  noun and also a verb. Won is the past form. So  a noun and past form of the verb cannot function as an adjective. 

link comment answered Jan 22 '14 at 08:23 Sanjay Expert

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