is "running ...." sentence comparison

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In comparing

 

1. He is running. Intransitive verb "running?" or is the verb "is running" or just "is" ?

 

2. He is running the dishwasher. Transitive verb with a direct object.

 

3. He is running for President.      Is this the same answer as ex. 1? If this is intransitive, what would "for President" be considered?

 

4. He is running out of time.       Is the verb "is," "running," or a phrasal verb "running out."

 

please help! More generally, are gerunds considered the verb in a sentence, or is the verb "to be" considered the verb? (ie. she was listening. they were swimming. i am talking.)

was and were are helping verbs.

SanjayOct 05 '13 at 16:19

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