Please check this sentence

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What are the differences between two belove sentences?

 

1. I propose to stay for two more days. 

2. I propose staying for two more days. 

 

Thanks in advance!

asked Sep 02 '13 at 17:45 ducdang123 Contributor

1 answer


1

Based on your question, I am assuming you only want a grammatical analysis of function, not a preference of purpose:

 

In both sentences you having a verb acting as a noun to function as a direct object.

 

In sentence 1, "I" is your subject, "propose" is a transitive verb requiring a direct object, "I propose" what?, "to stay" is an infinitive acting as the direct object. 

Infinitives are verbs that have stopped acting as verbs and have three Part of Speech functions other than that of a verb; adverb, adjective, or noun.

In this case, since it is acting like a direct object (which are always nouns or pronouns), you have an infinitive acting as a noun with the function of a direct object.

 

In sentence 2, "I" is your subject, "propose" is a transitive verb requiring a direct object, "I propose" what?, "staying" is a gerund acting as the direct object.

Gerunds are verbs with an -ing ending that take the Part of Speech function of a noun.

In this case, since it is acting like a direct object (which are always nouns or pronouns), you have a gerund acting as a noun with the function of a direct object.

 

Note:  Gerunds are not to be confused with Participles which can be verbs ending in -ing, but which act as adverbs and adjectives, not nouns.  Since we are using the verb as a DO here, it has to be a gerund, not a participle.

link comment edited Sep 02 '13 at 18:11 Aaron Prejean Expert

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