Sentence improvement question (please help)

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Hello,

Could you please help me understand the question written below?

 

1.They should have calmly thought of the advantages that would accrue to them.

a)should have calmly think of

b) should have to calmly thought of

c) should have been calm in thinking about

d)no improvement

 

The answer is (c)  in my book.

 

 But why not (d) be the correct answer? since "should have calmly thought of" is an active form.

I am confused between d and c.

 

 

2.Being given to understand that there is a vacancy of an assistant in the firm,an application was submitted by me.

 

My book says "I submitted an application" should replace the above.

But why? "an application was submitted by me" is an passive form and is also correct.

Could you please guide me where to use active and passive forms?

asked Jun 27 '13 at 14:00 nakool dawer New member

3 answers


1

Nakool, I agree with you about the first question, #1: They should have calmly thought about sounds just as good as--and I think, actually more natural than--They should have been calm in thinking about....  The first choice is the best one, definitely.  For #2, it is always better to use an active sentence than a passive sentence unless there is some important reason to emphasize the receiver of the action rather than the actor (which doesn't apply to your sentence, since there is no receiver) or because the actor is unknown (which also doesn't apply to your sentence). In all other situations, such as your #2 sentence, an active sentence (I submitted an application) is definitely the best choice.  

link comment edited Jun 27 '13 at 16:36 Shawn Mooney Expert
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Shawn's answer is right.  You could however use the passive if for some reason you wished to stress the identity of the applicant ("me").

link comment answered Jun 27 '13 at 16:58 Michael Cranfield Expert
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Thanks shawn and michael for your response:)

link comment answered Jun 29 '13 at 12:25 nakool dawer New member

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