Usage of punctuation

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I would like to know the uses of punctuation.

asked Jul 21 '11 at 10:42 Woldeyohannes Darfro New member

1 answer


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There are a number of different punctuation points in the English language.

 

Here are some of the most common and their uses.

 

The period (.) -- This point is also called a full-stop.  The period is only used to signal the end of complete thoughts that are sentences.

 

The comma (,) -- The comma serves a number of purposes, but in general wherever there is a natural pause in a sentence or thought, there should be a comma.  These places typically are:

 

-- when joining two complete thoughts into one sentence using a conjunction;

"She plays harp, and she sings wonderfully."

 

-- after introductory phrases and words;

"After hiking all day, I was ready to have dinner and sleep."

"Although we'd been painting all day, we continued into the late evening."

 

-- whenever incomplete thoughts are added to a sentence to add more information;

"The school, which was built in 1300, is remodeling the lecture halls."

 

-- for separating items in a list.

"We walked, talked, and laughed."

 

The apostrophe (') -- This symbol is used when showing possession (Mary's book) and when a letter has been removed from a word, as in the case of contractions (I can't meet with you today.)

 

Quotation marks ("-") -- These symbols are used to mark quoted text in a sentence.

"Give me my money back!" she yelled.

 

The hyphen (-) -- There are various kinds of dashes used in English.  The hyphen is one of the more frequently used.  We use hyphens to join different parts of speech to make modifiers, like adjectives.

"He is only a ten-year-old kid!"

"I love chocolate-covered strawberries!"

 

The question mark (?) -- This mark is used at the end of all sentences that have question phrases.

"Who did you talk to yesterday?"

 

The exclamation mark (!) -- This mark is used just like a period, but only after those sentences that are emphatic or energetic.  This mark is also used after interjections.

"We had a great time at the ball game!"

"Hey!"

 

The colon (:) -- The colon is used to introduce information in a list.

"For the trip, we need to bring: sunblock, bathing suits, towels, an umbrella, and some cash."

 

The semicolon (;) -- Semicolons are generally used to join two complete and closley related thoughts without the use of a conjunction or a comma.

"Many people read magazines; fewer people read newspapers."

 

 

 

 

 

link comment edited Jul 25 '11 at 02:07 Kimberly Expert

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