Comma between two independent clauses when supplying a reason or explanation

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Hi, and thank you very much for your help!


In these three examples, which of the sentences would be correct? (The difference between the sentences lies in the use of a comma before and.)


EXAMPLE 1:

A. I have never been to France and John is always saying how he'd like to see the Eiffel Tower, so we've decided to go to Paris this summer.

B. I have never been to France, and John is always saying how he'd like to see the Eiffel Tower, so we've decided to go to Paris this summer.

 

EXAMPLE 2:

A. Because X company badly needs expertise in technology and our company is no longer capable of sustaining itself financially, we have decided to merge.

B. Because X company badly needs expertise in technology, and our company is no longer capable of sustaining itself financially, we have decided to merge. 
- After thinking about it, I imagine starting with "because" probably turns both reasons into one long subordinate clause. I'll leave the example just in case.

 

EXAMPLE 3:

A. I have noticed two specific changes after losing weight: I have significantly more self-confidence and my clothes fit me better.

B. I have noticed two specific changes after losing weight: I have significantly more self-confidence, and my clothes fit me better.  

 

I think my concern and confusion arises from the fact that, at least in some sentences (especially EXAMPLE 2), I feel like using a comma makes the second independent clause feel like a parenthetical aside instead of an explanation or reason equal to the first.

 

Thanks again.

edited Apr 08 '13 at 08:22 Max J. New member

2 answers


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Well, I am just a new contributor. It will be better to wait for an expert's opinion, but this is what I think:

All the Bs' punctuations are correct. I think a commar before an "and" is usually to denote 2 non-direct connective situations. Of course I may be wrong so please do wait for an expert to answer :3

 

Sorry about that.

link comment answered Apr 08 '13 at 14:09 Duane Chung Jie New member
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Example 1 -- B is correct. This sentence consists of THREE independent clauses, and a comma is required after France. If, as you suggest, the added comma makes the clause feel as a parenthetical, the best solution would be to rewrite to avoid the situation.

 

Example 2 --A is correct. Beginning with "because" does turn it into one subordinate clause (albeit consisting of two subjects and two verbs).

 

Example 3 -- B is correct.

 

I hope this helps.

link answered Apr 08 '13 at 19:51 Jeff Pribyl Grammarly Fellow

Thank you both very much. I really appreciate the explanations, Jeff!

Max J. Apr 08 '13 at 20:08

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