Grammar usage (flagged)
How do you distinguish between a gerund and a present participial in a sentence? I would appreciate if you could give me examples.
It can be tricky at times. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. However, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition.
A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed. The term verbal indicates that a participle, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. However, since they function as adjectives, participles modify nouns or pronouns. There are two types of participles: present participles and past participles. Present participles end in -ing. Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne as in the words asked, eaten, saved, dealt, seen, and gone.
|link comment||answered Mar 23 '13 at 10:02 Lewis Neidhardt Grammarly Fellow|
If the -ing word modifies a noun, it's a participle.
The running man
A walking dog
If there is a possessive in front of the -ing word, it's a gerund.
The dog's barking became a nuisance.
His walking became a daily habit.
This would be incorrect. Walking is the daily habit, not him.
Him walking became a daily habit.
|link comment||answered Mar 23 '13 at 18:37 Lewis Neidhardt Grammarly Fellow|
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