Сases in English

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What are the different cases in English?
asked May 20 '11 at 10:48 Julia New member

2 answers


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I am not sure what answer you expect here.  I would suggest using a learner's dictionary to find examples of uses of case.  Here are some I quickly thought of:

 

The are cases like bags - suitcases, briefcases, case.

 

There are cases like containers - a case of wine, a case of beer,

 

A police officer or lawyer work on a case.

 

You could be called a nutcase (you are crazy), hardcase (you are mentally hard).

 

We say, "just in case" - (we may need it).

link comment answered May 24 '11 at 08:05 Dave Phillips New member
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I think you probably want an explanation of grammatical cases in English.  Cases are changes that are made to words to help us understand ideas like movement.  In most Indo-European languages, many cases have been replaced in function by prepositions and fixed word order. There are 8 cases in Indo-European languages, but in English not all of them are distinguishable by changes in noun or adjective forms.  The three that are the most usful to know for English are: nominative, accusative, and dative cases.

 

The nominative case, in English, corresponds to the subject of a verb.

 

-- "Mary said." (I, you, he, she, they, it are in nominative case.)

 

The accusative case, in English, is also known as the direct object.

 

-- "He waved to us."  ('us' is the accusative/dative case form of the nominative 'we'. Me, you, her, him, us, them, it are in the objective case -- either accusative or dative.)

 

The dative case, in English, is also known as the indirect object.

 

-- "He sent a message to us." (The dative case can be thought of as who or what is receiving the benefit of an action.  Note, 'a message' is accusative.)

 

 

link comment answered May 25 '11 at 18:20 Kimberly Expert

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